Obesity

  • Obesity means having excess body fat. Adults 35 years of age and older with a BMI greater than 30 are obese.
  • Obesity is not just a cosmetic consideration. It is a chronic medical disease that can lead to diabeteshigh blood pressure, obesity associated cardiovascular disease such as heart diseasegallstones, and other chronic illnesses.
  • Obesity is a risk factor for a number of cancers.
  • Obesity is difficult to treat and has a high relapse rate. Most people who lose weight regain the weight within five years.
  • Even though medications and diets can help, the treatment of obesity cannot be a short-term “fix” but has to be a lifelong commitment to proper diet habits, increased physical activity, and regular exercise.
  • The goal of treatment should be to achieve and maintain a “healthier weight,” not necessarily an ideal weight.
  • Even a modest weight loss of 5%-10% of initial weight and the long-term maintenance of that weight loss can bring significant health benefits by lowering blood pressure and lowering the risks of diabetes and heart disease.
  • The chances of long-term successful weight loss are enhanced if the doctor works with a team of professionals, including dietitians, psychologists, and exercise professionals.
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